Nowadays, we observe how the increasing demand for computer scientists grows exponentially. Everything around us is undergoing a change, going through a digital upgrade. And as many people becoming a part of this industry, it comes as no surprise how much technology has taken over all our lives and the speed at which it is going further. Computer science itself is classified into various sub-sections, each of which has its own set of essential workers.
Nevertheless, one thing common to almost all these sub-sections is the process of establishing instructions in the form of code, also referred to as programming. This based at the heart of computer science and gives it the potential to create and get rid of things. With the quantity of existing programming languages getting to three-digit mark, and as each programming profession has its own specific requirements, it can be extremely hard to decide which language to learn.
In order to make your decision-making process easier, this article offers a list of the best programming languages to start with in 2021.
Dart is a relatively new programming language that has become popular very quickly. It is a flexible language that can be applied to work with simple scripts or full-featured programs. If you want to build a mobile app, a web app, or a command-line script, you can accomplish it with Dart.
Kotlin is well-known as a general-purpose programming language which is mostly used for Android apps, web application, desktop application, and server-side development. Kotlin was designed to be better than Java. Majority of the Google applications are built on Kotlin. Some enterprises that use Kotlin as their primary programming language include Coursera, Pinterest, PostMates etc.
Kotlin is a language launched by JetBrains, the company that highly value the advancement of Android applications. This is the main reason why Google chose to name Kotlin as the official language for Android development, positioning it ahead of Java. And, since Android is the best-selling mobile operating system, the fact that Kotlin should be one of the languages to learn in 2021 should come as no surprise.
Java is another well-designed computer programming language that has been successfully running today. It belongs to Oracle Corporation and its general-purpose programming basis alongside its object-oriented structure has become a ground level for applications which can be utilized regardless of platform just like Mac, Windows, Android, iOS, etc. due to its Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) abilities. With that, Java is highly valued for its adaptability and flexibility across platforms.
Albeit being one of the founding languages out there, Java is often applied in the operations of bigger corporations. It is also extensively used in Android development, which, taking the popularity that Android applications have acquired, makes Java one of the most demanded skills to possess. Because of Java’s ascendable chatracteristics, automatic memory allocation, and high performance, companies such as Amazon, Twitter, and Adobe are a few names that belong in the long list of users of this programming language, along with a million random repositories that can be accessed through GitHub.
Latest Java frameworks such as Spring, Struts, and Hibernate are also well-promoted. With millions of Java developers around the globe, there are hundreds of ways to learn Java. Additionally, Java programmers have a great online community and support each other for examining the rising issues.
To summarize, Java could be a more complex language to master, yet, experienced developers with Java skills are in high-demand. Currently, there are as many as 3 billion devices running applications built with Java.
Swift is a convenient way to script apps for phones, desktops, servers, basically anything that runs with a code. Swift is a reliable, fast and immersive programming language. It has implemented the best concepts of modern languages with the wisdom of Apple’s engineering team. The compiler is altered for performance, and the language is optimized for development, without any bargain on one side or the other.
6. C and C ++
C/C ++ is one of the Swift programming languages, optimized with a high level of functionality. This language is applied by the majority of low-level systems, including operating and embedded systems, kernel development, and others. It is even utilized as a guideline course in the designing of other programming languages. And because of its impressive set of libraries and stability, C/C ++ also plays an important part in the industry of game development, computer graphics, virtual reality, and more. Corporations like Nvidia, Google, Microsoft, and Apple are constantly looking for new C/C ++ developers to become part of their team.
C is probably one of the oldest programming languages and is considered as the foundation of other programming languages as well. C ++ is an advanced version of C. Many developers prefer learning C on its own, while others think learning C is enough to tackle the C ++ development. Both languages are popularly used in computer science and programming.
Golang, also known as simply “Go”, is a programming language released by Google. Nowadays, this language is one of the most extensively applied languages in Silicon Valley. Go has been structured in such a way that it enables multi-threading and all the actions to run simultaneously, which is the reason for why this language was chosen for creating projects like Kubernetes, Docker, Blockchain, etc.
Its sophistication makes it one of the fastest-growing programming languages. Additionally, its capacity to manage multi-core and networked systems and huge codebases makes it easy to operate with. Go is gaining in hype among data scientists because of its flexibility and performance.
For those who have just picked up computer science in 2021, Python is an option that every programmer would be comfortable using as it has an intuitive and straightforward syntax which makes it a primary choice among beginners as well as the experts. Python is easily one of the most commonly used programming languages today and is suitable for beginners to start with due to its readability feature. It is a free, open-source programming language with large-scale modules, simple integration with web services, remarkable data structures, and GUI-based desktop applications. It is a preferred programming language for machine learning as well as deep learning applications.
The unique pattern of Python is that it is extremely versatile, as it can be used at almost any location. Whether you need to take on some mobile application or specific back-end application of a website, Python would tackle these tasks and many others. Python is often chosen to work with in the areas of artificial intelligence, and other data science fields.
Python is used to create 2D imaging as well as a 3D animation packages such as Blender, Inkscape, and Autodesk. It has also been widely popular to build incredible video games, including Civilization IV, Vegas Trike, and Toontown.